Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


"Foo Bar"
"fOO BAr"
WordUtils.capitalize(str)
capitalizeFully(..)

@BasZero it is the right answer to the question asked. I will include the Fully version as a comment.

Keeping my philosophy of always voting up answers that refer to the commons libraries.

To change the non-first letter to the words to lowercase, use capitalizeFully(str).

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Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


package com.test;

 /**
   * @author Prasanth Pillai
   * @date 01-Feb-2012
   * @description : Below is the test class details
   * 
   * inputs a String from a user. Expect the String to contain spaces and    alphanumeric     characters only.
   * capitalizes all first letters of the words in the given String.
   * preserves all other characters (including spaces) in the String.
   * displays the result to the user.
   * 
   * Approach : I have followed a simple approach. However there are many string    utilities available 
   * for the same purpose. Example : WordUtils.capitalize(str) (from apache commons-lang)
   *
   */
  import java.io.BufferedReader;
  import java.io.IOException;
  import java.io.InputStreamReader;

  public class Test {

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException{
    System.out.println("Input String :\n");
    InputStreamReader converter = new InputStreamReader(System.in);
    BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(converter);
    String inputString = in.readLine();
    int length = inputString.length();
    StringBuffer newStr = new StringBuffer(0);
    int i = 0;
    int k = 0;
    /* This is a simple approach
     * step 1: scan through the input string
     * step 2: capitalize the first letter of each word in string
     * The integer k, is used as a value to determine whether the 
     * letter is the first letter in each word in the string.
     */

    while( i < length){
        if (Character.isLetter(inputString.charAt(i))){
            if ( k == 0){
            newStr = newStr.append(Character.toUpperCase(inputString.charAt(i)));
            k = 2;
            }//this else loop is to avoid repeatation of the first letter in output string 
            else {
            newStr = newStr.append(inputString.charAt(i));
            }
        } // for the letters which are not first letter, simply append to the output string. 
        else {
            newStr = newStr.append(inputString.charAt(i));
            k=0;
        }
        i+=1;           
    }
    System.out.println("new String ->"+newStr);
    }
}
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java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


package corejava.string.intern;

import java.io.DataInputStream;

import java.util.ArrayList;

/*
 * wap to accept only 3 sentences and convert first character of each word into upper case
 */

public class Accept3Lines_FirstCharUppercase {

    static String line;
    static String words[];
    static ArrayList<String> list=new ArrayList<String>();

    /**
     * @param args
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) throws java.lang.Exception{

        DataInputStream read=new DataInputStream(System.in);
        System.out.println("Enter only three sentences");
        int i=0;
        while((line=read.readLine())!=null){
            method(line);       //main logic of the code
            if((i++)==2){
                break;
            }
        }
        display();
        System.out.println("\n End of the program");

    }

    /*
     * this will display all the elements in an array
     */
    public static void display(){
        for(String display:list){
            System.out.println(display);
        }
    }

    /*
     * this divide the line of string into words 
     * and first char of the each word is converted to upper case
     * and to an array list
     */
    public static void method(String lineParam){
        words=line.split("\\s");
        for(String s:words){
            String result=s.substring(0,1).toUpperCase()+s.substring(1);
            list.add(result);
        }
    }

}
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java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


private String capitalize(final String line) {
   return Character.toUpperCase(line.charAt(0)) + line.substring(1);
}

@nbolton - But it explicitly ignores the intent of the question, and fails for the very cases given in that example - and it adds little or nothing to the answers previously given!

If you're only worried about the first letter of the first word being capitalized:

Solution doesnt solve the question!

This piece of code is not crash-safe! Imagine line being null or having a length of < 2.

this only changes the first letter of the first word

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Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE
====================================
Source: cApItAlIzE this string after WHITE SPACES
Output: Capitalize This String After White Spaces

====================================
 SINGLE CUSTOM-DELIMITER USAGE
====================================
Source: capitalize this string ONLY before'and''after'''APEX
Output: Capitalize this string only beforE'AnD''AfteR'''Apex

====================================
 MULTIPLE CUSTOM-DELIMITER USAGE
====================================
Source: capitalize this string AFTER SPACES, BEFORE'APEX, and #AFTER AND BEFORE# NUMBER SIGN (#)
Output: Capitalize This String After Spaces, BeforE'apex, And #After And BeforE# Number Sign (#)

====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE WITH CUSTOM LOCALE
====================================
Source: Uniforming the first and last vowels (different kind of 'i's) of the Turkish word D[]YARBAK[I]R (DYARBAKIR) 
Output: Uniforming The First And Last Vowels (different Kind Of 'i's) Of The Turkish Word D[i]yarbak[i]r (diyarbakir) 

====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE WITH A SURROGATE PAIR 
====================================
Source: ab c de 
Output: Ab c De
Locale
Surrogate Pairs
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

public class WordsCapitalizer {

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source) {
        return capitalizeEveryWord(source,null,null);
    }

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source, Locale locale) {
        return capitalizeEveryWord(source,null,locale);
    }

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source, List<Delimiter> delimiters, Locale locale) {
        char[] chars; 

        if (delimiters == null || delimiters.size() == 0)
            delimiters = getDefaultDelimiters();                

        // If Locale specified, i18n toLowerCase is executed, to handle specific behaviors (eg. Turkish dotted and dotless 'i')
        if (locale!=null)
            chars = source.toLowerCase(locale).toCharArray();
        else 
            chars = source.toLowerCase().toCharArray();

        // First charachter ALWAYS capitalized, if it is a Letter.
        if (chars.length>0 && Character.isLetter(chars[0]) && !isSurrogate(chars[0])){
            chars[0] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[0]);
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            if (!isSurrogate(chars[i]) && !Character.isLetter(chars[i])) {
                // Current char is not a Letter; gonna check if it is a delimitrer.
                for (Delimiter delimiter : delimiters){
                    if (delimiter.getDelimiter()==chars[i]){
                        // Delimiter found, applying rules...                       
                        if (delimiter.capitalizeBefore() && i>0 
                            && Character.isLetter(chars[i-1]) && !isSurrogate(chars[i-1]))
                        {   // previous character is a Letter and I have to capitalize it
                            chars[i-1] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[i-1]);
                        }
                        if (delimiter.capitalizeAfter() && i<chars.length-1 
                            && Character.isLetter(chars[i+1]) && !isSurrogate(chars[i+1]))
                        {   // next character is a Letter and I have to capitalize it
                            chars[i+1] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[i+1]);
                        }
                        break;
                    }
                } 
            }
        }
        return String.valueOf(chars);
    }


    private static boolean isSurrogate(char chr){
        // Check if the current character is part of an UTF-16 Surrogate Pair.  
        // Note: not validating the pair, just used to bypass (any found part of) it.
        return (Character.isHighSurrogate(chr) || Character.isLowSurrogate(chr));
    }       

    private static List<Delimiter> getDefaultDelimiters(){
        // If no delimiter specified, "Capitalize after space" rule is set by default. 
        List<Delimiter> delimiters = new ArrayList<Delimiter>();
        delimiters.add(new Delimiter(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER, ' '));
        return delimiters;
    } 

    public static class Delimiter {
        private Behavior behavior;
        private char delimiter;

        public Delimiter(Behavior behavior, char delimiter) {
            super();
            this.behavior = behavior;
            this.delimiter = delimiter;
        }

        public boolean capitalizeBefore(){
            return (behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_MARKER)
                    || behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER));
        }

        public boolean capitalizeAfter(){
            return (behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER)
                    || behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER));
        }

        public char getDelimiter() {
            return delimiter;
        }
    }

    public static enum Behavior {
        CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER(0),
        CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_MARKER(1),
        CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER(2);                      

        private int value;          

        private Behavior(int value) {
            this.value = value;
        }

        public int getValue() {
            return value;
        }           
    }

I've written a small Class to capitalize all the words in a String.

Note: first letter will always be capitalized (edit the source if you don't want that).

Optional multiple delimiters, each one with its behavior (capitalize before, after, or both, to handle cases like O'Brian);

Please share your comments and help me to found bugs or to improve the code...

Note
Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


package com.test;

 /**
   * @author Prasanth Pillai
   * @date 01-Feb-2012
   * @description : Below is the test class details
   * 
   * inputs a String from a user. Expect the String to contain spaces and    alphanumeric     characters only.
   * capitalizes all first letters of the words in the given String.
   * preserves all other characters (including spaces) in the String.
   * displays the result to the user.
   * 
   * Approach : I have followed a simple approach. However there are many string    utilities available 
   * for the same purpose. Example : WordUtils.capitalize(str) (from apache commons-lang)
   *
   */
  import java.io.BufferedReader;
  import java.io.IOException;
  import java.io.InputStreamReader;

  public class Test {

public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException{
    System.out.println("Input String :\n");
    InputStreamReader converter = new InputStreamReader(System.in);
    BufferedReader in = new BufferedReader(converter);
    String inputString = in.readLine();
    int length = inputString.length();
    StringBuffer newStr = new StringBuffer(0);
    int i = 0;
    int k = 0;
    /* This is a simple approach
     * step 1: scan through the input string
     * step 2: capitalize the first letter of each word in string
     * The integer k, is used as a value to determine whether the 
     * letter is the first letter in each word in the string.
     */

    while( i < length){
        if (Character.isLetter(inputString.charAt(i))){
            if ( k == 0){
            newStr = newStr.append(Character.toUpperCase(inputString.charAt(i)));
            k = 2;
            }//this else loop is to avoid repeatation of the first letter in output string 
            else {
            newStr = newStr.append(inputString.charAt(i));
            }
        } // for the letters which are not first letter, simply append to the output string. 
        else {
            newStr = newStr.append(inputString.charAt(i));
            k=0;
        }
        i+=1;           
    }
    System.out.println("new String ->"+newStr);
    }
}
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java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


public String capitalize(String str){

     /* The first thing we do is remove whitespace from string*/
     String c = str.replaceAll("\\s+", " ");
     String s = c.trim();
     String l = "";

     for(int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++){
          if(i == 0){                              /*uppercase the first letter in strings*/
              l += s.toUpperCase().charAt(i);
              i++;                                 /*to i = i + 1 because we don't need to add               
                                                    value i = 0 into string l */
          }

          l += s.charAt(i);

          if(s.charAt(i) == 32){                   /*if we meet whitespace (32 in ASCII Code is whitespace) */
              l += s.toUpperCase().charAt(i+1);    /*uppercase the letter after whitespace */
              i++;                                 /*to i = i + 1 because we don't need to add
                                                   value whitespace into string l */
          }        
     }
     return l;
}

Thanks for trying to add an answer. This is a reasonable idea, but note that there are basic functions that do this already, and code that does this similarly to what you provided, and the accepted answers already outline all of them very clearly.

There are many how to convert the first letter of the first word being capitalized. I have an idea. It's very simple:

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java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


public String firstLetterCapitalWithSingleSpace(final String words) {
 return Stream.of(words.trim().split("\\s"))
 .filter(word -> word.length() > 0)
 .map(word -> word.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + word.substring(1))
 .collect(Collectors.joining(" "));
}

I made a solution in Java 8 that is imho more readable.

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Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


private String capitalize(final String line) {
   return Character.toUpperCase(line.charAt(0)) + line.substring(1);
}

@nbolton - But it explicitly ignores the intent of the question, and fails for the very cases given in that example - and it adds little or nothing to the answers previously given!

If you're only worried about the first letter of the first word being capitalized:

Solution doesnt solve the question!

This piece of code is not crash-safe! Imagine line being null or having a length of < 2.

this only changes the first letter of the first word

Note
Rectangle 27 0

java How to capitalize the first character of each word in a string?


====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE
====================================
Source: cApItAlIzE this string after WHITE SPACES
Output: Capitalize This String After White Spaces

====================================
 SINGLE CUSTOM-DELIMITER USAGE
====================================
Source: capitalize this string ONLY before'and''after'''APEX
Output: Capitalize this string only beforE'AnD''AfteR'''Apex

====================================
 MULTIPLE CUSTOM-DELIMITER USAGE
====================================
Source: capitalize this string AFTER SPACES, BEFORE'APEX, and #AFTER AND BEFORE# NUMBER SIGN (#)
Output: Capitalize This String After Spaces, BeforE'apex, And #After And BeforE# Number Sign (#)

====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE WITH CUSTOM LOCALE
====================================
Source: Uniforming the first and last vowels (different kind of 'i's) of the Turkish word D[]YARBAK[I]R (DYARBAKIR) 
Output: Uniforming The First And Last Vowels (different Kind Of 'i's) Of The Turkish Word D[i]yarbak[i]r (diyarbakir) 

====================================
 SIMPLE USAGE WITH A SURROGATE PAIR 
====================================
Source: ab c de 
Output: Ab c De
Locale
Surrogate Pairs
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Locale;

public class WordsCapitalizer {

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source) {
        return capitalizeEveryWord(source,null,null);
    }

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source, Locale locale) {
        return capitalizeEveryWord(source,null,locale);
    }

    public static String capitalizeEveryWord(String source, List<Delimiter> delimiters, Locale locale) {
        char[] chars; 

        if (delimiters == null || delimiters.size() == 0)
            delimiters = getDefaultDelimiters();                

        // If Locale specified, i18n toLowerCase is executed, to handle specific behaviors (eg. Turkish dotted and dotless 'i')
        if (locale!=null)
            chars = source.toLowerCase(locale).toCharArray();
        else 
            chars = source.toLowerCase().toCharArray();

        // First charachter ALWAYS capitalized, if it is a Letter.
        if (chars.length>0 && Character.isLetter(chars[0]) && !isSurrogate(chars[0])){
            chars[0] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[0]);
        }

        for (int i = 0; i < chars.length; i++) {
            if (!isSurrogate(chars[i]) && !Character.isLetter(chars[i])) {
                // Current char is not a Letter; gonna check if it is a delimitrer.
                for (Delimiter delimiter : delimiters){
                    if (delimiter.getDelimiter()==chars[i]){
                        // Delimiter found, applying rules...                       
                        if (delimiter.capitalizeBefore() && i>0 
                            && Character.isLetter(chars[i-1]) && !isSurrogate(chars[i-1]))
                        {   // previous character is a Letter and I have to capitalize it
                            chars[i-1] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[i-1]);
                        }
                        if (delimiter.capitalizeAfter() && i<chars.length-1 
                            && Character.isLetter(chars[i+1]) && !isSurrogate(chars[i+1]))
                        {   // next character is a Letter and I have to capitalize it
                            chars[i+1] = Character.toUpperCase(chars[i+1]);
                        }
                        break;
                    }
                } 
            }
        }
        return String.valueOf(chars);
    }


    private static boolean isSurrogate(char chr){
        // Check if the current character is part of an UTF-16 Surrogate Pair.  
        // Note: not validating the pair, just used to bypass (any found part of) it.
        return (Character.isHighSurrogate(chr) || Character.isLowSurrogate(chr));
    }       

    private static List<Delimiter> getDefaultDelimiters(){
        // If no delimiter specified, "Capitalize after space" rule is set by default. 
        List<Delimiter> delimiters = new ArrayList<Delimiter>();
        delimiters.add(new Delimiter(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER, ' '));
        return delimiters;
    } 

    public static class Delimiter {
        private Behavior behavior;
        private char delimiter;

        public Delimiter(Behavior behavior, char delimiter) {
            super();
            this.behavior = behavior;
            this.delimiter = delimiter;
        }

        public boolean capitalizeBefore(){
            return (behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_MARKER)
                    || behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER));
        }

        public boolean capitalizeAfter(){
            return (behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER)
                    || behavior.equals(Behavior.CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER));
        }

        public char getDelimiter() {
            return delimiter;
        }
    }

    public static enum Behavior {
        CAPITALIZE_AFTER_MARKER(0),
        CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_MARKER(1),
        CAPITALIZE_BEFORE_AND_AFTER_MARKER(2);                      

        private int value;          

        private Behavior(int value) {
            this.value = value;
        }

        public int getValue() {
            return value;
        }           
    }

I've written a small Class to capitalize all the words in a String.

Note: first letter will always be capitalized (edit the source if you don't want that).

Optional multiple delimiters, each one with its behavior (capitalize before, after, or both, to handle cases like O'Brian);

Please share your comments and help me to found bugs or to improve the code...

Note